Civil ยท ADR


ADR Referral


What Cases Are Appropriate For ADR?
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California defines any case with claims less than $50,000 per plaintiff as eligible for referral or Court order to any of these procedures. For claims that exceed $50,000, the parties can agree to participate in ADR voluntarily.


How Are Cases Referred To ADR?
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Referrals can be either mandatory or voluntary, that is, ordered by the Court or requested by the parties at their own initiative at any time.

In considering a case for referral to arbitration, mediation or a settlement conference, the Court examines each case individually in consultation with counsel to determine which process is the most appropriate alternative. After consultation, cases are referred to arbitration, mediation or settlement conference in one of three ways:

  • The plaintiff requests arbitration, mediation or a settlement conference in writing and agrees that the award per plaintiff will not exceed $50,000.

  • Both parties request arbitration, mediation or a settlement conference and agree that there is no upper limit on the award.

  • The judge determines that the case is appropriate for arbitration, mediation or a settlement conference and orders one of the processes.